The rock around which the town developed has always had a considerable defensive importance.
The rich town centre of Cefalù, with its enchanting maze of streets, witnesses the passage of many different civilisations.
Cefalù is a very ancient town; its foundation allegedly dates back to the year 1000 B.C. The Greek called the town Kephaloidion, from kephalè, meaning “head”. The Arabs renamed it Gafludi. When the Normans arrived, in the 11th century, the city regained its Latin name.
There is a great number of monuments to visit in Cefalù. In 2015, the Arab-norman sites of Palermo, Cefalù and Monreale were declared by UNESCO as World Heritage.